NFPA 13: Automatic Sprinkler Systems Handbook

NFPA 13: Automatic Sprinkler Systems Handbook

: brown-tech

: 9781455909322

: Book

$171.00

Written by sprinkler industry leaders and redesigned for greater usability, the 2016 NFPA 13 Handbook helps you implement the new industry standard.

To accompany the milestone 2016 NFPA 13, NFPA® presents the fully redesigned new Automatic Sprinkler Systems Handbook. Current with the 2016 NFPA 13: Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and the latest sprinkler technology, the Handbook helps you apply scientifically-based solutions that reduce risks and fire loss.

Written by the foremost experts in fire sprinkler engineering, fire testing, and applications, this full-color resource is packed with expertise, color visuals, and information that prepares you to conduct accurate and efficient system design, installation, and testing. Get equipped with essential know-how and support!

Here's how the NFPA 13 Handbook assists designers, engineers, contractors, and installers on the job:

  • Complete 2016 NFPA 13 text brings you up-to-code with the latest research-based requirements for system design, installation, and acceptance testing.
  • Exclusive commentary explaining the intent behind provisions is written by leading industry experts, including Wes Baker, Tracey Bellamy, Bob Caputo, John Denhardt, John Deutsch, Jim Biggins, Roland Huggins, and Pete Schwab.
  • Hundreds of full-color photos, graphics, and detailed illustrations clarify concepts.
  • New artwork provides a detailed look at the starting and stopping points of several NFPA systems including underground mains (NFPA 24) storage tanks (NFPA 22), fixed water spray systems (NFPA 15), fire pumps (NFPA 20), fire sprinklers (NFPA 13), and standpipes (NFPA 14).
  • Expanded checklists and worksheets include a new plans review feature from the AHJ perspective written by David Lowrey.
  • NFPA 13 Lessons at the back of some chapters include new storage lessons by James Golinveaux, and hanging and bracing lessons by John Deutsch.
  • Project workflow diagrams and flowcharts illustrate the progress of a sprinkler project step-by-step.
  • Decision trees on protection for storage shows users how to choose the right sprinkler strategy for any facility.
  • Supplements address the European Experience wtih Fire Sprinklers; an overview of technical changes from the 2013 and 2016 editions of NFPA 13; the Evolution of Storage Sprinkler Standards; and Step-by-Step Hydraulic Calculations for a Fire Sprinkler System.

New design features improve navigation and make information more accessible.

  • Ask the AHJ FAQs help installers avoid common errors.
  • Designer’s Corner features take a deep dive into design topics.
  • Updated line art improves your understanding of connections.
  • Historical Note feature reviews some of the background behind material in the handbook.
  • Research Note feature spotlights material based on research in the field.
  • Closer Look feature provides further information on specific subjects or issues.
  • FPRF Spotlight covers research by the Fire Protection Research Foundation directly impacting NFPA 13 code changes for 2016.

NFPA 13 Handbook, 2016 Edition Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Contributors

About the Editor

PART 1

NFPA® 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, with Commentary

1 Administration

1.1 Scope

1.2 Purpose

1.3 Application

1.4 Retroactivity

1.5 Equivalency

1.6 Units and Symbols

1.7 New Technology

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General

2.2 NFPA Publications

2.3 Other Publications

2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

3 Definitions

3.1 General

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

3.3 General Definitions

3.4 Sprinkler System Type Definitions

3.5 System Component Definitions

3.6 Sprinkler Definitions

3.7 Construction Definitions

3.8 Private Water Supply Piping Definitions

3.9 Storage Definitions

3.10 Marine Definitions

3.11 Hanging and Bracing Definitions

4 General Requirements

4.1 Level of Protection

4.2 Limited Area Systems

4.3 Owner’s Certificate

4.4 Additives

4.5 Air, Nitrogen, or Other Approved Gas

4.6 Support of Nonsprinkler System Components

5 Classification of Occupancies and Commodities

5.1 Classification of Occupancies

5.2 Light Hazard Occupancies

5.3 Ordinary Hazard Occupancies

5.4 Extra Hazard Occupancies

5.5 Special Occupancy Hazards

5.6 Commodity Classification

6 System Components and Hardware

6.1 General

6.2 Sprinklers

6.3 Aboveground Pipe and Tube

6.4 Fittings

6.5 Joining of Pipe and Fittings

6.6 Valves

6.7 Fire Department Connections

6.8 Waterflow Alarm Devices

6.9 Signs

7 System Requirements

7.1 Wet Pipe Systems

7.2 Dry Pipe Systems

7.3 Preaction Systems and Deluge Systems

7.4 Combined Dry Pipe and Preaction Systems for Piers, Terminals, and Wharves

7.5 Multi-Cycle Systems

7.6 Antifreeze Systems

7.7 Outside Sprinklers for Protection Against Exposure Fires (Exposure Protection Sprinkler Systems)

7.8 Refrigerated Spaces

7.9 Commercial-Type Cooking Equipment and Ventilation

7.10 Additives and Coatings

8 Installation Requirements

8.1 Basic Requirements

8.2 System Protection Area Limitations

8.3 Use of Sprinklers

8.4 Application of Sprinkler Types

8.5 Position, Location, Spacing, and Use of Sprinklers

8.6 Standard Pendent and Upright Spray Sprinklers

8.7 Sidewall Standard Spray Sprinklers

8.8 Extended Coverage Upright and Pendent Spray Sprinklers

8.9 Extended Coverage Sidewall Spray Sprinklers

8.10 Residential Sprinklers

8.11 CMSA Sprinklers

8.12 Early Suppression Fast-Response Sprinklers

8.13 In-Rack Sprinklers

8.14 Pilot Line Detectors

8.15 Special Situations

8.16 Piping Installation

8.17 System Attachments

8.18 Electrical Bonding and Grounding

9 Hanging, Bracing, and Restraint of System Piping

9.1 Hangers

9.2 Installation of Pipe Hangers

9.3 Protection of Piping Against Damage Where Subject to Earthquakes

10 Underground Requirements

10.1 Piping

10.2 Fittings

10.3 Connection of Pipe Fittings and Appurtenances

10.4 Protection of Private Fire Service Mains

10.5 Grounding and Bonding

10.6 Restraint

10.7 Steep Grades

10.8 Installation Requirements

10.9 Backfilling

10.10 Testing and Acceptance

11 Design Approaches

11.1 General

11.2 Occupancy Hazard Fire Control Approach for Spray Sprinklers

11.3 Special Design Approaches

12 General Requirements for Storage

12.1 General

12.2 Hose Connections

12.3 Adjacent Hazards or Design Methods

12.4 Wet Pipe Systems

12.5 Dry Pipe and Preaction Systems

12.6 Storage Applications

12.7 Discharge Considerations

12.8 Hose Stream Allowance and Water Supply Duration

12.9 Unsprinklered Combustible Concealed Spaces

12.10 Room Design Method

12.11 High-Expansion Foam Systems

12.12 Protection of Idle Pallets

13 Protection of Miscellaneous and Low-Piled Storage

13.1 General

13.2 Design Basis

13.3 In-Rack Sprinklers

14 Protection for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Class I through Class IV Commodities

14.1 General

14.2 Control Mode Density/Area Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities

14.3 CMSA Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities

14.4 Early Suppression Fast-Response (ESFR) Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities

14.5 Special Design for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, or Shelf Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities

14.6 High-Expansion Foam - Reduction to Ceiling Density

15 Protection for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities

15.1 General

15.2 Control Mode Density/Area Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Palletized, Solid-Piled, Bin Box, Shelf, or Back-to-Back Shelf Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities

15.3 CMSA Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Group A Plastic Commodities

15.4 Early Suppression Fast-Response (ESFR) Sprinklers for Palletized or Solid-Piled Storage of Group A Plastic

Commodities

15.5 High-Expansion Foam — Reduction in Ceiling Density

16 Protection of Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities

16.1 General

16.2 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities Stored Up to and Including 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height

16.3 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV Commodities Stored Over 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height

17 Protection of Rack Storage of Plastic and Rubber Commodities

17.1 General

17.2 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Group A Plastic Commodities Stored Up to and Including 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height

17.3 Protection Criteria for Rack Storage of Group A Plastic Commodities Stored Over 25 ft (7.6 m) in Height

18 Protection of Rubber Tire Storage

18.1 General

18.2 Columns Within Rubber Tire Storage

18.3 Water Supplies

18.4 Ceiling Systems

18.5 In-Rack Sprinkler System Requirements for Protection of Rubber Tires

18.6 Reduced-Discharge Density

19 Protection of Roll Paper

19.1 Protection of Roll Paper Storage

20 Special Designs of Storage Protection

20.1 General

20.2 Plastic Motor Vehicle Components

20.3 Sprinkler Design Criteria for Storage and Display of Class I Through Class IV Commodities, Cartoned Nonexpanded Group A Plastics and Nonexpanded Exposed Group A Plastics in Retail Stores

20.4 Protection of Baled Cotton Storage

20.5 Sprinkler Protection of Carton Records Storage with Catwalk Access

20.6 Compact Storage of Commodities Consisting of Paper Files, Magazines, Books, and Similar Documents in Folders and Miscellaneous Supplies with No More Than 5 Percent Plastics Up to 8 ft (2.44 m) High

20.7 Protection of High Bay Records Storage

21 Alternative Sprinkler System Designs for Chapters 12 Through 20

21.1 General

21.2 Sprinkler Design Criteria for Palletized and Solid-Piled, Storage of Class I Through Class IV and Plastic Commodities

21.3 Sprinkler Protection Criteria for Open-Frame Rack Storage of Class I Through Class IV and Plastic Commodities

21.4 Hose Stream Allowance and Water Supply Duration

21.5 Minimum Obstruction Criteria

22 Special Occupancy Requirements

22.1 General

22.2 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

22.3 Aerosol Products

22.4 Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials

22.5 Solvent Extraction Plants [NFPA 36]

22.6 Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines

22.7 Nitrate Film

22.8 Laboratories Using Chemicals

22.9 Oxygen-Fuel Gas Systems for Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes

22.10 Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants

22.11 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code

22.12 Utility LP-Gas Plants

22.13 Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

22.14 Protection of Information Technology Equipment

22.15 Standard on Incinerators, and Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment

22.16 Standard for Ovens and Furnaces

22.17 Health Care Facilities Code, Class A Hyperbaric Chambers

22.18 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems

22.19 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages, Approved Production Facilities, and Production Locations

22.20 Animal Housing Facilities

22.21 Water Cooling Towers

22.22 Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves

22.23 Semiconductor Fabrication Facilities

22.24 Aircraft Hangars

22.25 Airport Terminal Buildings, Fueling Ramp Drainage, and Loading Walkways

22.26 Aircraft Engine Test Facilities

22.27 Advanced Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants

22.28 Light Water Nuclear Power Plants

22.29 Hydroelectric Generating Plants [NFPA 851]

22.30 Code for the Protection of Cultural Resource Properties - Museums, Libraries, and Places of Worship [NFPA 909]

22.31 National Electrical Code

22.32 Fire Protection of Telecommunication Facilities

22.33 Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Vapors, Gases, Mists, and Noncombustible Particulate Solids

22.34 Hypobaric Facilities

22.35 Coal Mines

22.36 Metal/Nonmetal Mining and Metal Mineral Processing Facilities

22.37 Hazardous Materials Code

23 Plans and Calculations

23.1 Working Plans

23.2 Water Supply Information

23.3 Hydraulic Calculation Forms

23.4 Hydraulic Calculation Procedures

23.5 Deluge Systems

23.6 Exposure Protection Sprinkler Systems

23.7 Pipe Schedules

24 Water Supplies

24.1 General

24.2 Types

25 Systems Acceptance

25.1 Approval of Sprinkler Systems and Private Fire Service Mains

25.2 Acceptance Requirements

25.3 Circulating Closed Loop Systems

25.4 Instructions

25.5 Hydraulic Design Information Sign

25.6 General Information Sign

26 Marine Systems

26.1 General

26.2 System Components, Hardware, and Use

26.3 System Requirements

26.4 Installation Requirements

26.5 Design Approaches

26.6 Plans and Calculations

26.7 Water Supplies

26.8 System Acceptance

26.9 System Instructions and Maintenance

27 System Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

27.1 General

27.2 Inactive Sprinkler Systems Abandoned in Place

Annexes

A Explanatory Material

B Miscellaneous Topics

C Explanation of Test Data and Procedures for Rack Storage

D Sprinkler System Information from the 2012 Edition of the Life Safety Code

E Development of the Design Approach to Conform with SEI/ASCE 7

F Informational References

PART 2

Supplements

1 Evolution of Storage Sprinkler Standards

2 Step-by-Step Hydraulic Calculations for a Fire Sprinkler System

3 The European Experience with Fire Sprinklers

4 Technical/Substantive Changes from the 2013 Edition to the 2016 Edition of NFPA 13

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